Does Ephesians 1:11 teach that God determines ALL things?

“Does the passage teach that God does or works everything in conformity with his purposes, or does it teach that everything God does he does in conformity with his purposes? The grammar of the sentence does not force us to adopt one interpretation over the other. For example, one can say, “John does everything very slowly.” From this we would not infer that John does everything, only that everything he does he does slowly.” (‘Response to Feinberg’ in Predestination & Free Will, Bruce Reichenbach, eds. Basinger & Basinger, p.52–3)

“This focus (of Eph 1:11) is ‘the mystery of his will’ (1:9), which is the uniting of Jews and Gentiles together into one body, the church (3:6). To say that God works all things after the counsel of his will means that he does whatever is necessary to accomplish this purpose i.e. the gathering together of Jews and Gentiles under one head, Jesus Christ.” (‘The Nature of Divine Sovereignity’, Grace of God & Will of Man, ed. Clark Pinnock, p.116)



Edu-trainer, Žižek studies, amateur theologian, columnist.

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